Management information systems (MIS) are computer programs that collect, store and analyze data. These systems may be implemented at various levels in a company, including management and employees. Some types of MIS focus on a particular function or department, such as accounting or human resources. While some types of MIS do not focus on specific functions, they all perform some type of data processing. Listed below are some of the most common types of MIS.
Traditional MIS is business-critical and if it failed, the business could go under. It was overseen by the CFO. However, the rise of personal spreadsheets and other forms of computing shifted the responsibilities of MIS to a broader range of users. As a result, MIS evolved into information systems. The five major types of MIS are:
Enterprise applications brought a new set of IS tasks. These applications were used in a variety of companies and often included homegrown and enterprise applications. They were able to handle more functions than traditional MIS, such as enterprise resource planning, supply chain management, sales force automation, and customer relationship management. Despite being separate, these new types of MIS became more widespread and no longer confined to the IS department. These types of applications merged computer science and information technology and claimed the title of “enterprise computing.”
In a typical organization, one of the most common types of MIS reports is inventory reports. These summarize products by category and customer demographic. These reports also include details about product sales. An inventory summary report might detail the cost of stocking inventory and the value of the purchase. A sales summary report may include the sales revenue of a product and its geographical distribution. MIS systems can also help businesses identify trends in order to improve their marketing strategies.
Predictive reports are designed to help businesses make smarter decisions. They can highlight the difference between what was predicted and what actually happened. For example, a predictive report might show that a company should open an e-commerce store before the festive season because online shopping is increasing in popularity. It may even highlight an improvement in a specific area. Then there are budgeted and actual profit reports. They are useful to managers in every industry and help the company set realistic targets.
MIS reports provide a clear overview of the business operations within an organization. They help management make important decisions based on this data. MIS reports present data in different forms to facilitate easy analysis. MIS reports also help companies keep track of the financial health and growth of their business. The MIS reports are also helpful for the employees and the managers of a company. This information helps them make better decisions and manage their business effectively.
MIS refers to an information system that collects and organizes data from various systems and presents it in a usable manner. Most commonly, management information systems are used by the staff directory. This system allows managers to monitor the daily workflow of a business, and improve operations. These insights are important for operational decision-making and improving the productivity of employees in the workplace. MIS also includes a management reporting system that collates all of the data related to management.